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What is SCORM

SCORM stands for ‘Shareable Content Object Reference Model’. It is a standard for developing, packaging and delivering high quality training materials for online training courses. The SCORM standard is developed under the auspices of the industry group Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Benefits of adopting SCORM

There are numerous benefits to adopting SCORM, and all are related to ADL’s functional requirements for SCORM.

  1. Accessibility:The ability to locate and access instructional components from multiple locations and deliver them to other locations. For example, a content author can search the ADL Registry and identify relevant content that has already been developed by another organization and deploy that content on any LMS that complies with the same version of SCORM to learners anywhere in the world.
  2. Interoperability: The ability to take instructional components developed in one system and use them in another system. For example, content packaged for delivery in one SCORM-compliant LMS could be loaded into another LMS that complies with the same version of SCORM for delivery to learners.
  3. Durability: The ability to withstand technology evolution and/or changes without costly redesign, reconfiguration, or recoding. For example, upgrading to a new computer operating system should have no impact on the delivery of content to learners.
  4. Reusability: The flexibility to incorporate instructional components in multiple applications and contexts. For example, e-learning content designed for one organization can be redeployed, rearranged, repurposed, or rewritten by other organizations that have similar learning needs.
In past few years responses of objective assessment are recorded on machine readable forms and as such results are drawn more quickly and accurately. Recently dramatic increase in usage of Computers and internet has supported increased use of online assessment using objective questions Online testing broadly is aassessment by using information technology. This generally is also called as e- assessment. The assessment can be based on a criteria or can be general i.e without any specific criteria such as IQ tests.

How to Make Your Simulation SCORM Compliant

The Shareable Content Object Model (SCORM) is an evolving standard to aid integration of online learning products with Learning Management System (LMS) software.  The SCORM standard is developed under the auspices of the industry group Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL).  
Simulations developed with Forio Broadcast can be treated as a SCORM Shareable Content Object (SCO).  This will allow the simulation to be part of a sequence of online learning activities that can be launched from an LMS.   
This overview, the instructions in the following sections, and the provided sample code all apply to SCORM version 1.2.  For more definitive information on SCORM 1.2 (and other versions of SCORM that may be developed), please visit the ADL web site at www.adlnet.org

Overview of SCORM

A SCORM compliant learning system typically consists of four components

  • Learning Management System (LMS) managing the user and tracking progress through the content.
  • Assets – specific web media such as HTML files, images, or video
  • Shareable Content Object (SCO) – collection of assets that form a learning activity.  SCO's can be launched and tracked by the LMS.
  • Content Aggregation – an overall library of related content and shareable content objects.

A simulation can be designated as a SCO.  This has the following benefits:

  • The simulation can be launched directly from the LMS.
  • Detailed content information can be stored alongside the simulation and listed in the LMS "course catalog".
  • The simulation can be one activity that is part of a larger sequence.

The current version of the SCORM protocol will not help with the following:

  • Allowing a user to be signed on automatically to a simulation that requires a password.
  • Passing score or usage information to the LMS.

These restrictions are due to the API used in SCORM (JavaScript) which prohibits communication across multiple domains.  As noted in the next section, the LMS and the Forio Broadcast simulation are typically located on two different servers.

How to Make Your Simulation SCORM Compliant

A typical SCO is served from the same server as the Learning Management System.  In the case of a Forio Broadcast simulation, this is usually not feasible.  Instead, the simulation launch page, content descriptor XML files, and several support files will be uploaded to the LMS server.  The simulation will then run via an external link.  (See the diagram below).